Uterine fibroids, or leiomyomata, are noncancerous tumours of the uterus.
They can grow on the outside of the thick muscular wall of the uterus, or within the uterine wall. They are more common in women over age 30. Uterine fibroids can shrink naturally at menopause, or in those who are taking birth control pills.
Patients may be asymptomatic, or experience severe menstrual pain, irregular menstrual bleeding, heavy or long periods, difficulty in urination, or infertility due to the presence of fibroids.
The pelvic examination often demonstrates evidence of fibroids to the physician. Confirmation by pelvic ultrasound may be necessary.
Treatment of symptomatic fibroids includes surgical removal of the fibroid, or a total hysterectomy, depending on the patient’s age, medical condition and the severity of symptoms. See your physician for a consultation.