Tubal pregnancy refers to the abnormal (ectopic) placement of the developing fetus in the fallopian tube which connects the ovary to the uterus.
Tubal pregnancy becomes a medical problem (symptomatic) between the third and eighth week of gestation, as the fetus reaches a critical size.
Tubal pregnancy, also known as ectopic pregnancy, is an absolute emergency requiring immediate surgical correction. Maternal death from internal bleeding and hemorrhagic shock is possible without definitive treatment. Fetal survival is not possible in a tubal pregnancy.
Common symptoms include abrupt onset of one-sided, lower-abdominal or pelvic pain. This may be accompanied by faintness or fainting (particularly upon standing). Some patients may also have vaginal bleeding.
Any female of reproductive age with lower abdominal pain must have this diagnosis considered.