Thrombosis refers to the formation of a blood clot. Deep venous thrombosis refers to clot formation (most commonly) in the lower extremities. The release of the clot, allowing it to travel through the bloodstream, is known as embolization. This can result in clot entrapment in the lungs, a clinical entity known as pulmonary embolism.
Deep venous thrombosis or DVT is common in several different situations.
Common symptoms include unilateral leg (calf) swelling and pain.
Treatment will involve the use of medications (heparin) to inhibit clot formation. This anticoagulant medication is generally given in the hospital by IV route with close observation for signs and symptoms of pulmonary embolism. Leg elevation, bed rest, and warm compresses may also be indicated. Oral anticoagulant medication (warfarin) may be necessary longer term in some of the patients.